Music Teaching Lesson Three

Ukelele

Now you have mastered:

Lesson One:
-tuning
-open position chords
and

Lesson Two
-Movable Chords a.k.a. Bar Chords
-Major Scales

Here is a new type of chord to study. Seventh chords! Dominant (a.k.a. Major-minor) Seventh chords are the most commonly used type of 7 chords and are usually what people mean when they write something like "A7" as a chord name. Here is a chord sheet of them for ukelele:

Dominant Sevenths chord sheet

Major Seventh chords are sort of dreamy sounding and are usually written as "AM7" or "AMaj7".

Major Sevenths chord sheet

I use lowercase to indicate minor, so I write minor seventh chords as "am7" but they might also be written as "AMin7". The minor seventh chords sound sort of melancholy. I suggest that The Beatles' "You Never Give Me Your Money" begins with the greatest a minor seven chord in recorded history.

minor sevenths chord sheet

I use lowercase, an open circle, and a 7 to indicate fully diminished seventh chords. These are what George Harrison called "naughty chords". He was an enthusiastic ukelele player and would hand them out to friends at dinner parties. The sound of fully diminished seventh chords is perhaps most closely associated with a theater pipe organ indicating tense moments in silent movies.

I draw a line through the circle to indicate half diminished seventh chords. Half diminished seventh chords sound even more like they are from space than their fully diminished cousins. I have included both kinds on this chord sheet:

diminished sevenths chord sheet

There they are! Now you have access to all the Dominant, Major, minor, fully diminished, and half diminished seventh chords.

Lesson Four is not yet composed. For now, return to Lesson One and start all over again!

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